What You Don’t Know About Obesity


Before talking in-depth about obesity, you need to know what it means. Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive built-up fats in your body that present a risk to health. A certain amount of body fat is needed for storing energy, heat insulation, and other functions. It puts a person at risk for many serious medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and even cancer.

Who can get caused by obesity?

The fact is that anybody, including children, can be affected by obesity. Obesity in children is a complex health problem. It happens when a youngster weighs higher than normal for age and height. The reasons for excessive weight gains among young people, including behavior and genetics, are similar to those in adults. 

Can measuring weight only tell if someone is overweight/obese or not?

Well, the answer is NO, since it cannot tell you whether or not you are healthy, and you cannot know where this measurement count comes from. Many things, such as body fat, muscle mass, bone mass, water percentage, and visceral fat, can influence the amount of weight recorded. So, in order to know exactly all of this biometric information and to know if you’re overweight or not, then you need a smart scale. Smart scales measure body fat, body mass, metabolism and bone mass, water percentage, level of protein, body age, visceral fat, and body mass index which best defines obesity. A person’s height and weight determine his or her body mass index. The body mass index (BMI) equals a person’s weight in kilograms (kg) divided by their height in meters (m) squared.

* For your knowledge:

  • Below 18.5 = Underweight
  • 18.5-24.9 = Normal
  • 25.0-29.9 = Overweight
  • 30.0 and higher = Obesity

The 8 Most common causes of obesity:

  • Physical inactivity
  • Overeating.
  • Genetics.
    • If one or both parents are fat, a person is more likely to be obese. Genetics also impact fat-regulating hormones.
  • A diet high in simple carbohydrates. 
    • Carbohydrates do not have a definite function to play in weight growth. Carbohydrates boost levels of blood glucose, which in turn stimulates pancreatic secretion of insulin. Insulin stimulates fat tissue development and may lead to weight gain. Simple carbs (sugars, sweets, and soft drinking) have been thought by some scientists to help increase weight because they are absorbed more quickly into the circulation.
  • Frequency of eating. 
    • There is significant controversy concerning the association between food frequency and weight. People eating small meals 4 to 5 times a day had lower cholesterol and stable levels of blood sugar compared to those who consumed less often. One probable reason is that short, frequent meals create steady levels of insulin, while large foods induce huge spikes of insulin after food.
  • Medications.
  • Psychological factors. 
    • Many individuals eat too much in reaction to feelings such as boredom, sadness, tension, or anger. 
  • Social issues
    • Lack of money to purchase healthy foods or lack of safe places to walk and exercise can increase the risk of obesity.

Food Items that tend to increase the risk of weight gain include:

  • Fast foods
  • Fried foods, such as french fries
  • Fatty and processed meats
  • Dairy products
  • Foods with added sugar
  • Foods containing hidden sugars, such as ketchup and many other canned and packaged food items
  • Sweetened juices, and sodas drinks
  • Processed, high carbohydrate foods, such as breads and bagels

The health risks associated with obesity:

  • Insulin resistance.
  • Type 2 (adult-onset) diabetes. 
  • High blood pressure (hypertension). 
  • High cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia)
  • Stroke (cerebrovascular accident or CVA)
  • Heart attack.
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Cancer.
  • Gallstones
  • Gout and gouty arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis) of the knees, hips, and the lower back
  • Sleep apnea

What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?

Calories are burned through physical activity and exercise. The quantity of calories consumed varies with the type of exercise, duration, and intensity. The weight of the person also depends. Exercises in combination with a diet and weight loss program are most efficient for obesity treatment. Exercise alone will have a limited effect on weight without nutritional adjustments because you have a lot to do to drop 1 pound. Regular exercise, however, is vital to maintaining a healthy lifestyle for a long time. Another advantage of frequent workouts in a weight reduction program, as opposed to dieting alone, is a larger loss of corporal fat and lean muscle mass.

In the development of obesity, several factors play a role. Genetic features in certain people can enhance the risk. Most individuals are at risk of obesity while eating a good diet that involves a lot of fresh food and exercising regularly. However, those with a genetic predisposition to the condition may find it harder to maintain a moderate weight.

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